Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a quite common issue that affects many people all over the world. Even though there is a lot of information about STDs on the internet, not all of it is true. As a result, many people misunderstand the functions of contraception or even neglect it at all.
But the main problem is that many people tend to avoid medical check-ups and treatment. This results in the increased spread of STDs. In this article, we have gathered six facts about sexually transmitted diseases you should be aware of.
1. STDs can develop Asymptomatically.
In many people, STDs can cause severe symptoms like genital itching, redness, swelling, abnormal discharge, etc. But you should know that for a few weeks after the infection, STDs can develop without any symptoms. Additionally, some people can have asymptomatic STDs like Chlamydia or Human Papillomavirus. This means that they may not know that they are already infected and pass STDs to their sexual partners. That’s why it is essential to use condoms during sex.
2. Condoms are the most effective Protective option for STDs.
Many people believe that any kind of contraception can prevent not only pregnancy but also the transmission of STDs. But the reality is that condoms are the one and only contraception options that can minimize the transmission of STDs. If you use hormonal or barrier contraception, you still need to combine it with condoms to decrease your risk of getting STDs. You can use both male and female condoms for protection.
3. You can get some STDs even during Protected Sex.
Unfortunately, there are certain STDs (like genital herpes, human papillomavirus, and pubic lice) that can be passed during sex even if you use condoms. The point is that these STDs can affect the area that can’t be covered with a condom. You should also know those pubic lice can be easily treated while there is no complete cure for genital herpes and human papillomavirus.
4. Untreated STDs can lead to Severe Complications.
If you have noticed at least some symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases or have had unprotected sex recently, it is better to visit a doctor as soon as possible. Women with untreated STDs can develop cervical cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, and other conditions that can lead to negative complications. That’s why regular medical exams and STD testing are essential for sexually active people.
5. You can prevent the Transmission of Human Papillomavirus.
As mentioned above, human papillomavirus (HPV) can be transmitted during sex even if you use condoms. The point is that this virus is deemed the most common cause of cervical cancer in women. Additionally, it can cause other types of cancer in both men and women. However, you can get a vaccine for HPV if you were not infected with it. The vaccination is most effective up to the age of 26.
6. There is no immunity from STDs.
There is a common misconception that if you have already been infected with STDs and were successfully treated, you will not get them again. But the reality is that there is no immunity from STDs and you can easily become infected again. Additionally, if you undergo treatment for STDs, your partner or partners should also be tested and treated if needed. Otherwise, you can become reinfected right after treatment.
The bottom line
If you are a sexually active person, you should pay sufficient attention to contraception. It is important to use condoms during sex if you don’t plan to get pregnant and undergo STD testing regularly. In the case of any symptoms, you should also visit your doctor for a timely diagnosis and treatment.